Sinhagad fort, whose earlier name was Kondhana or Kondhana, stands 20kms, south-west of Pune. Perched on an isolated cliff of the Bhuleswar range of the Sahyadri Mountains, its height above sea-level is 1380 metres. Given natural protection by its very steep slopes, the walls and bastions were constructed at only key places; it has two gates the Kalyan Darwaza in the south-east and the Pune Darwaza in the north-east.
Sinhagad has a long history. It was captured from the Koli tribal chieftain, Nag Naik, by Muhammad bin Tughlaq in 1328 AD. Three centuries later, Shivaji wrested it away by bribing the commander, by the Treaty of Purandar (1665 AD) had to cede the fort to the Mughals. Sinhagad was the scene of one of the most daring exploits in Maratha history when, in 1670 AD, it was recaptured by Shivaji’s forces under Tanaji Malusare, who laid down his life in the battle. On his death, a saddened Shivaji said, The fort is won, but the lion is gone !
Where upon the fort got is new name: Sinha (lion) gad (fort).
The upper surface of the fort is undulating and retains few buildings, Ruins of temples, tombs and towers are scattered about. Near the gorge is a monument (Samadhi) commemorating the bravery of Tanaji. There is also a tiny tomb of Rajaram, Shivaji’s son, who died here in 1700 AD. Also there are few bungalows, including that of Lokamanya Tilak.
Kondhana Fort Map
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How To Reach
Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai (BOM) 73 km.
Nearest railhead is Vir Dasgaon 47 kms.
State transport offer bus regular and frequent services from Mumbai and Pune to Raigad. Kolhapur (250 km), Pune (150 km), Mumbai (140 km) and Mahabaleshwar (75 km). Public bus charge is less than Rs 2 per km.